Last edited by Tulabar
Sunday, August 9, 2020 | History

4 edition of Ecological Effects of Deposited Sulphur and Nitrogen Compounds found in the catalog.

Ecological Effects of Deposited Sulphur and Nitrogen Compounds

Royal Society of London

Ecological Effects of Deposited Sulphur and Nitrogen Compounds

by Royal Society of London

  • 135 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Scholium Intl .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Applied ecology,
  • Biology, Life Sciences,
  • Environmental science,
  • Pollution & threats to the environment,
  • Congresses,
  • Sulphur compounds,
  • Ecology,
  • Environmental Pollution Engineering,
  • Acid precipitation (Meteorolog,
  • Environmental aspects,
  • Nitrogen compounds

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages319
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL8285733M
    ISBN 100854032290
    ISBN 109780854032297

    Nitrogen Deposition Wet Deposition Wet deposition of sulfur and nitrogen compounds that contribute to acidification of lakes, streams, and soils is commonly known as acid rain, although such add deposition also takes the form of snow, sleet, or hail. Regional Ecological Effects of Nitrogen Deposition Once deposited to land and water. Sulfur oxidizers can use as energy sources reduced sulfur compounds, including hydrogen sulfide, elemental sulfur, sulfite, thiosulfate, and various polythionates (e.g., tetrathionate). They depend on enzymes such as sulfur oxygenase and sulfite oxidase to oxidize sulfur to ative name: sulphur (British spelling).

    Nitrogen and sulfur. Nitrogen and sulfur compounds deposited from the air may have harmful effects, including acidification, on soils, lakes, ponds, and streams. About half of the nitrogen and a third of the sulfate deposited in Grand Canyon NP ecosystems comes down in . sulfur and nitrogen The oxidized nitrogen and sulfur compounds (aka NOx and SOx) from burning fossil fuels mixes with water vapor in the atmosphere creating acidic droplets that fall from the atmosphere, often causing environmental degradation on the surface.

    Atmospheric deposition of sulfur and nitrogen compounds can cause significant ecosystem effects such as acidification, eutrophication, and changes in soil and water chemistry. Acidification of soils, lakes and streams can result in changes in community structure, biodiversity, reproduction, and decomposition. In addition to human health concerns, sulfur and nitrogen compounds deposited from the air may have harmful effects, including acidification, on soils, lakes, ponds, and streams. Excess nitrogen can lead to nutrient enrichment, a process that changes nutrient cycling and alters plant communities.


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Ecological Effects of Deposited Sulphur and Nitrogen Compounds by Royal Society of London Download PDF EPUB FB2

ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF DEPOSITED SULPHUR AND NITROGEN COMPOUNDS Although 'acid rain' has recently become a major environmental issue, the ways in which deposited sulphur and nitrogen compounds affect plant and animal life are far from understood.

It is clear that much of the deposition is associated with a small proportion of rainfall events. mospheric loadings and effects on human health and the envir onment.

For wet and dry deposition, these studies typically include measur e-CHAPTER 7 • ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION OF SULFUR AND NITROGEN COMPOUNDS File Size: 1MB.

Four decades after the passage of the US Clean Air Act, air‐quality standards are set to protect ecosystems from damage caused by gas‐phase nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) compounds, but not from the deposition of these air pollutants to land and by: The dry deposition of sulfur and oxidized nitrogen compounds is comparable to their wet deposition.

However, in the case of NH X (x = 3 or 4) the wet deposition exceeds the dry deposition by an order of. Humans are dramatically altering the global nitrogen and sulfur budgets, with one result being the release of large fluxes of nitrogen oxides (NO x, ≈2 Tmol/yr), ammonia (NH 3, ≈4 Tmol/yr), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2, ≈2 Tmol/yr) to the atmosphere ().Globally, fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning fluxes of NO x exceed the natural fluxes from land to the atmosphere (); NH 3 fluxes to Cited by: Four decades after the passage of the US Clean Air Act, air-quality standards are set to protect ecosystems from damage caused by gas-phase nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) compounds.

In most cases effects of environmental factors on the tree growth and crown condition in natural forests are observed through direct impacts of sulphur dioxide (S[2]), nitrogen oxides (N[x]), and ammonia (N[3]) on foliage and soil-mediated impacts on roots (Dornelas et al., ; Loehle et al., ).

Abstract. The concentration of ammonium and nitrate in precipitation has increased during this century. The deposition of N compounds (wet + dry) is reaching 30 to 40 kg ha-1 yr-1 in many areas in Central Europe and above 20 kg in the southern parts of Scandinavia.

In extreme situations throughfall data indicate depositions above 60 kg ha-1 yr-1 in Central Europe and above 40 kg ha-1 yr-1 in Cited by:   Nitrogen fixing bacteria convert nitrogen gas (N2) into organic compounds.

Human activity can release nitrogen into the environment by two primary means: the combustion of fossil fuels, which releases different nitrogen oxides, and by the use of artificial fertilizers in agriculture, which are then washed into lakes, streams, and rivers by.

Sulphur nutrition of rapeseed: influence of fertilizer nitrogen and sulphur ratio. Soil Science Society of America Journal. ; – Kirkegaard JA, Hocking PJ, Angus JF, Howe GN, Gardner PA. Comparison of canola, Indian mustard and Linola in two contrasting environments. Break-crop and nitrogen effects on subsequent wheat by: The ecological effects of deposited sulphur and nitrogen compounds: proceedings of a Royal Society discussion meeting held on 5, 6, and 7 September Author: James Beament ; Royal Society.

Ecological Applications, 20(1),pp. 30–59 by the Ecological Society of America Global assessment of nitrogen deposition effects on terrestrial plant diversity: a synthesis R.

BOBBINK,1,17 K. HICKS,2 J. GALLOWAY,3 T. SPRANGER,4 R. ALKEMADE,5 M. ASHMORE,6 M. BUSTAMANTE,7Cited by: Environmental effects of sulfur compounds include impaired visibility, damage to materials, damage to vegetation, and deposition as acid rain.

Fine particles in the atmosphere reduce the visual range by scattering and absorbing light [ 28 ]. Nitrogen in ecosystems also occurs in a small number of inorganic compounds, the most important of which are N 2 and NH 3 gases and the ions nitrate, nitrite (NO 2 –), and ammonium.

The nitrogen cycle involves the transformation and cycling of the various organic and inorganic forms of nitrogen within : Bill Freedman.

Nitrogen and Sulfur Economy of Soils. the movement of soluble nitrogen compounds from soils to aquatic systems can. nitrogen cycle. The ecological, financial, and environmental stakes for. Some impacts of sulfur and nitrogen deposition on the soils and surface waters of the Highveld grasslands, South Africa.

Theresa Leigh Bird D A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, oxides of carbon, hydrocarbons, hydrogen sulphide, ozone and other oxidants gaseous along with particulate pollutants like fumes, dust, smoke, etc. are the air pollutants that are responsible for severe air pollution in Delhi as well as many other states in India.

The Environmental Impacts of ncreased International aritime Shipping monoxide, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, partially reacted and non-combusted hydrocarbons and particulate material (Lloyd’s Register of Shipping (LR), ). sulphate, and nitrogen compounds will form nitric acid and nitrate, and thus contribute to acidification.

Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Why and How They Are Controlled Prepared by Clean Air Technology Center (MD) NOx and sulfur oxides (SOx) in the. 2 valence) in the ion when compared with the neutral molecule.

The family of NOx compounds and their properties are listed in Table 1. Table 1. Nitrogen. Ecological effects of nitrogen and sulfur air pollution in the US: what do we know. Public Deposited. Analytics × Add to Cited by:. Sulfuric acid is a component of insecticides, fungicides, pesticides, preservatives, and fertilizers.

The automotive industry uses sulfuric acid to make batteries and as an additive to vulcanize rubber for use in tires.

Natural sources of sulfur include volcanic emissions, hot springs, and the decay of vegetation.Deposition of reactive nitrogen induces a cascade of environmental effects [Galloway et al., ]. Since the net primary production of most terrestrial ecosystems is limited by nitrogen availability, deposition of reactive nitrogen may enhance ecosystem productivity [ Vitousek et al., ] with possible consequences for the global carbon Cited by: Abstract.

Sulfur dioxide (SO 2) is an atmospheric pollutant that is moderately persistent in the atmosphere and highly water applied as a pesticide, SO 2 may be transported, deposited, or transformed in various chemical reactions.

SO 2 participates in the sulfur biogeochemical cycle, which involves complex reactions of sulfur-containing compounds between abiotic and biotic Cited by: 4.